In late 2013 there were over 300,000 people still internally displaced in Yemen. Over 500,000 people have been displaced internally since 2004. The internal displacement in Yemen is the result of three distinct crises. Armed conflicts between the government and the al-Houthi movement in Sa’ada have led to the displacement of more than 300,000 people since 2004. Violence linked to political unrest has caused internal displacement in and around Sana’a. Between May 2011 and June 2012, more than 200,000 people were displaced internally as a result of fighting between pro-government factions and the Islamic militant group Ansar al-Sharia for control of Abyan governorate in southern Yemen.

For more on IDPs in Yemen, read IDMC

As of 2013, Yemen also hosts about 244,000 Somali refugees. Refugees from Somalia are granted prima facie status.

Legal situation:
  • Yemen is a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol.