In 2013, Lebanon was host to about one million refugees and asylum seekers, mainly from Syria, Palestine and Iraq.

With the conflict arising in Syria, Lebanon has experienced the largest influx of all neighbouring countries. In April 2013, Syrian refugees crossed the one million mark. 

Lebanon is home to about 455,000 Palestinian refugees, most of whom live in one of the country's twelve refugee camps. The refugee camps are extremely overcrowded and lack basic infrastructures. Palestinian refugees are deprived basic rights due to very restrictive policies relating to the access to education and the labour market.

Legal situation:
  • Lebanon has not signed the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol. UN High Commissioner for Refugees' (UNHCR) operation in the country is based on the 2003 Memorandum of Understanding between the UN Refugee Agency and the Lebanese Government.
  • Lebanon is one of the five countries of operation of the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).