An estimate of 55,000 asylum seekers, mainly from Eritrea and Sudan, live in Israel. The number of asylum seekers that were granted refugee status is extremely low. Since 1948, as few as 200 individuals have been recognised under the 1951 Refugee Convention in Israel. Most asylum seekers live in a legal limbo leaving them extremely vulnerable.

An estimate of 250,000 to 275,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) of Palestinian origin live in Israeli territory. These are mainly those Palestinians who fled their homes during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war but remained within what became the state of Israel.

Legal situation:
  • Israel is signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol. However, it has not yet adopted any domestic legalisation. In 2009, the process of Refugee Status Determination (RSD) was handed over by UNHCR to the Israeli Interior Ministry.